1) guild [英][ɡɪld] [美][gɪld]
2) guild [英][ɡɪld] [美][gɪld]
3) Trade association
The Economic Function of the Trade Association during the Reign of Kuomintang in Nanjing;
On the Transformation of the System and Way of Chinese Trade Association in Modern Times;
Traditional Characteristics of Chinese Trade Association in Modern Times;
4) the trade associations
The problem about funds for the trade associations not only is an economic problem,but also reflects the important standard of the non-governmental characteristics,the credibility and the execution of the associations.
5) guilds [英][gild] [美][gɪld]
As a matter of fact,the restructured guilds had been playing a positive role in reviving the national economy,disciplining various lines of trade,and serving as links with the government,etc at the fine,making its appropriate contributions to the starting economic development of new China.
In the Republic period of China, a complete professional administration system has been set up among the industrial commercial guilds in Chengdu, which is rather effective and has a positive impact on the regulation and systematic construction of the guilds.
民国时期成都各同业公会建立了完备的行业管理制度 ,进行了有效的管理 ,这对促进同业公会管理的规范化、制度化建设起了一定的积极作用。
6) the Trade Association
Restriction、Authorization and Regulation——Discussion on the Administration of the NanjingKuomingtang Government to the Trade Association;
In view of the demand of reality and politics,the CCP(the Chinese Communist Party) set up the Federation of Industry and Commerce on the basis of accepting a reorganization of the original Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the 1950′s,and untangled and reformed the Trade Association,and then re-framed the system of the Chamber of Commerce.
This paper gives a very careful investigation into the energy transition of the trade associations ( including the structure, function, personnel and receipts ) in Beijing from 1949 to 1958, when the institution of China changed greatly, furthermore, analyses the trends of the transition.